Data Classification in Naples: A Breakdown of The Different Types
Data classification is the process of sorting the information your company stores into different categories. Once sorted, there are rules that dictate how the information in each category must be treated.
This classification includes the proper methods of disposing of or destroying that data. To help you better understand this, we’ve provided a breakdown of the different classification types.
Personal Health Information (PHI)
PHI is health-related information that can be tied directly to an individual. It is any data that is transmitted, received, or stored that falls under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). This data includes both healthcare and payment information. Examples include:
- Test results
- Insurance policy numbers
- Social Security numbers
- Medical records identification numbers
Because of the sensitive nature of this information, it must be destroyed completely to avoid recovery or reconstruction.
Personally Identifiable Information (PII)
This class is a broad category of data that refers to any information that can directly identify an individual. Name, user id, Social Security numbers, license numbers, physical addresses, emails, and IP addresses are just some examples of PII. If this information is exposed, it creates a significant risk of fraud, extortion, and identity theft.
Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI)
CUI is a classification of government data that does not meet the standards of being classified but is still regarded as sensitive in nature.
CUI data covers a wide range of information that may be stored or transmitted by all levels of government agencies, tribal entities, and private businesses. It includes legal and law enforcement documents, blueprints and specifications, space and military data, etc.
Communication Security (COMSEC)
This category was created to safeguard information obtained via US government telecommunications that impact national security or are otherwise highly sensitive. The United States Department of Labor is responsible for properly handling and securing this information.
Top Secret Information (TS)
Information under this classification is highly sensitive. There are laws in place that restrict access to this data to a very specific group of people. Top secret information includes government secrets and highly classified military information.
Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) and Special Access Program (SAP)
While these are two separate categories, both share many of the same characteristics and are governed by the same rules of access.
SCI and SAP data are both controlled by National Intelligence Agencies. They are communicated within certain branches of the Department of Defense. Top secret clearance is required to access this data as well as being granted “need to know” status.
Proper Disposal of Classified Data in Naples
If your business stores sensitive data, that information must be properly destroyed at the end of its useful life. This coverage includes the destruction of IT devices as well as documents. ShredQuick is Naples’ go-to resource for data retention and destruction. Call us for expert advice and a quote.
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